Useful Gardening Terms You Must know | Gardening Basics Part 1
- Guirella Gardening: This means Gardening on a land that the gardeners do not have the legal rights or permission to cultivate, such as abandoned sites or public properties – the commonest example is gardening outside our homes like alongside the footpaths or similar areas.
- Leaf Galls / Leaf Bumps: are Odd little bumps or Funny looking protuberances on leaves. This can be an Indication of pest attack – usually the result of mites and other sucking insects that make their homes under the plant tissue.
- Deadheading– similar to pruning or pinching branches to promote more branching. Dead heading means Removing faded or dry and dead flowers from your plant. Just cut of the twig holding the flower or the entire branch if there are no more flowers or buds left. This diverts the plants energy in more blooming and more branching rather than setting seeds for reproduction.
- Humus– A black or brown organic substance made up of decomposed vegetable waste or even animal matter. This includes decaying leaves, insects, twigs and many other materials. Composted food and garden scraps are human-made humus. This is very useful and provides many essential nutrients for plants.
- Hardening off– To Gradually acclimatize your seedlings to outdoor sunlight , temperature, wind and humidity and before transplanting them into the garden or containers. General Rule of thumb is introduce them gradually to sunlight, like 1 hours for day 1, 2 hours for day 2, 3 hours for day 3 and so on.
- Biological Pest Control: Using living organisms such as beneficial insects or parasites like lady bugs to destroy garden pests. Watch a detailed video on these useful insects from a card linked at top right corner of this video.
- Chlorosis: A yellowing or blanching of the leaves due to lack of chlorophyll, nutrient deficiencies or disease. Watch a detailed video on diagnosing and treatement this leaf yellowing problem from a card linked at top right corner of this video.
- Foliar Feeding or Fertilizing: A technique of feeding plants by applying liquid fertilizer directly to plant leaves. This is generally done using a sprayer or mister with liquid fertilizers like the seed weed extract or even various teas like the compost tea, bone tea and even water soluble NPK feed.
- Worm Casting or Vermicompost: This is nothing but the digested organic waste of earth worms – that is the excreta of earthworms. Gardeners consider them the most nutrient organic compost available which also includes various essential micronutrients for your plants.
- Damping off– A disease or condition that causes seedlings to weaken and die. The Decay or rotting of young seedlings at ground level following fungal attack. This is often due to soil borne diseases and over watering. Damping off can also result in failure of seed germination, or may result in poor germination and weaker seedlings.
One way to prevent damping off, use a sterile potting mix instead of ordinary garden soil. Also Use clean, new pots, or sterilize used pots with one part bleach to 10 parts water. When you sow seeds, leave room for good air circulation. Water seeds and seedlings from the bottom using the tray method.